Risks Associated Chlorine Exposure and Pollutions
Health issues related to the inhalation for chlorine gas (VOCs)
Health issues related to chlorine exposure
Trihalomethanes are formed as a by-product predominantly when chlorine is used to disinfect water. They represent one group of chemicals generally referred to as disinfection by-products. They result from the reaction of chlorine or bromine with organic matter present in the water being treated.
The THMs produced have been associated through epidemiological studies with some adverse health effects. Many governments set limits on the amount permissible in drinking water.
However, trihalomethanes are only one group of many hundreds of possible disinfection by-products—the vast majority of which are not monitored—and it has not yet been clearly demonstrated which of these are the most plausible candidate for causation of these health effects. In the United States, the EPA limits the total concentration of the four chief constituents (chloroform, bromoform, bromodichloromethane, and dibromochloromethane), referred to as total trihalomethanes (TTHM), to 80 parts per billion in treated water.
Chlorinated and Salt pools both pollute the environment and present a health risk to swimmers
Chlorine gas is released from swimming pools utilizing chlorine as the sanitizer. The smell associated with swimming pools or any water treated with chlorine is very recognizable; the stronger the smell the more chlorine is being release into the atmosphere.
As you may be aware chlorine of CFC's (chlorofluorocarbons) the dominates contributor to atmospheric ozone depletions. While each chlorinated swimming pool contributes a tiny fraction of chlorine pollution to the atmosphere, the combined effect of all swimming pools and the mass production chlorine and chlorinated products combined are a significant source of atmospheric chlorine pollution.
Water shed chlorine pollution
The regular backflushing of chlorinated swimming pool sand filters contaminate the down stream shed with both chorine and chlorine's by- products (see below). While one swimming pool produces a tiny fraction of total pollution all swimming pools combined along with the commercial and industrial processes releasing chlorine into the water shed present a primary source of water pollution.
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